Editor's Note: This article is reprinted with permission from Beyond Type 1, as part of our continued alliance.
Written by Lala Jackson
In this new series, we’re digging into the impact that living with type 1 diabetes has on your money.
We know this looks drastically different from person to person, depending on your health insurance coverage, your earnings, your ability to qualify for patient assistance programs, and more. Then there’s the rest of life – student loans, childcare, transit costs, groceries, rent and more.
We also know there are things that can’t be quantified – the amount of time and energy anyone impacted by diabetes has to spend navigating the healthcare system, health insurance companies, the amount of time and energy it takes to manage type 1 diabetes, and more.
So over the coming months, we’re asking people who are living with type 1 diabetes to share what their budget looks like. First, we shared one month in Pembroke, New Hampshire on a $44,000 annual salary.
Now, we're sharing what one month in London, Ontario on a $17,537 USD salary, looks like with type 1 diabetes.
- Age: 26, diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at 10
- Location: London, Ontario, Canada
- Occupation: Dietary Aide in a Hospital
- Annual Income: $17,537 USD ($16,806 from employer, $731 from speakers fees at diabetes events and selling clothing, home décor and furniture)
- Take home pay, after taxes: $1,205 USD
- Rent: $0 (able to live with parents)
- Cell phone: $55
- Student loans: $0 (was able to pay off)
- Car, incl. Payment, insurance, gas, etc.: $250
- Groceries: $150
- Health Insurance Plan: Sun Life Personal Health Insurance, Coverage Policy C
- Durable Medical Equipment coverage: None through health insurance. The province of Ontario offers the Assistive Devices Program, which covers $145/month of insulin pump supplies.
- Prescription drug coverage: Insurance covers 80% of cost of medications, up to a yearly maximum of $1417. After the maximum is hit, individual is fully responsible.
- Health Insurance Premium (portion paid by individual): $123
- Insulin: $7
- Blood Sugar Monitoring: $220 for Dexcom supplies (goes mostly on credit card)
- Insulin Pump Supplies: $65 for Omnipod (this is the out of pocket cost; majority of monthly cost is paid by Ontario’s Assistive Devices Program)
- Additional Prescriptions and Doctor’s Visits: $30
- Wellness & exercise, including gym membership: $130
Disposable Income Expenses:
- Self care & Entertainment: $15
- Eating out + coffee: $70
- Clothing: $70
- Entertainment: $30
- Registered Disability Savings Plan (RDSP): $145
- Mutual fund: $75
Paying for healthcare in Canada is harder than I thought it was going to be – if you have a pre-existing condition, a lot of insurance companies will not cover you. There are provincial programs, but they do not cover all expenses, and private coverage – if you can get it – covers things to an extent. I was only covered because I was coming right off of being covered by my parents, but my options were still limited.
In my initial coverage, my prescription coverage was not enough for me. They would cover up to $2,000 worth of medications at 80% coverage (I paid the other 20% of cost until I hit $2,000), but after that I was out of pocket. And insulin is not the only medication I need to take, so I got really nervous.
Last year, I hit that $2,000 cap in November, so I had to pay in full for my other medications at the end of the year. Luckily I had just started on my Dexcom continuous glucose monitor (CGM) so I no longer had to pay for test strips, but Dexcom itself was out of pocket too. For both Dexcom and my Omnipod insulin pump, I put the expenses on a credit card and then paid that off slowly.
That’s of course despite coverage for the majority of medications being quite good. My insurance covers quite a bit and my province provides funding for my insulin pump. But the CGM coverage is awful. It’s crazy to me that with all the evidence and proof of how much CGMs improve quality of life, prevents severe lows and severe highs, they’re not covered. It should be obvious that something like that that should be covered.
I had known I wanted a Dexcom CGM for a while – the participants at the diabetes summer camp I’ve worked at for the past two years let me see it in action – but I couldn’t afford to pay for it for a long time. I was paying off school debt. But I made the decision to go for it even though it was going to cut me really close with the money I have to spend. The trade off was knowing I wouldn’t be able to stop living at home.
With my medical expenses, there’s no possible way for me to not live with my parents. I’m 26 and I want to be independent, but a few years ago, I started looking around. When I looked at the cost of everything, I knew there was no way I could afford to move out.
The Greater Impact
Because I need to pay for diabetes care, there are things I give up. For example, when I signed up for my health insurance, it didn’t include dental. I knew I couldn’t afford it. I don’t have dental coverage so I haven’t had a dentist appointment in three years, which is of course not ideal for someone with diabetes since we are more likely to have dental and gum issues. It’s something I’ve had to trade off so I can get my core diabetes needs. I think I’m okay, but it’s scary.
What Do You Wish People Understood?
So much of what we need to live, just to survive, just isn’t covered. Especially in the states, the cost of your insulin is something I can’t believe. You will literally die without insulin, yet the cost is so high.
Paying rent or paying for your medication shouldn’t be a choice anyone has to make. Even having to choose between paying for medication or paying for things like self-care things or a gym membership. Those are important.
- For a simple comparison to other experiences in our At What Cost? series, we’ve converted our subject’s CAD $ into USD $ based on the conversion rate of June 29, 2020.
- For privacy purposes, all people included in our budget series will be anonymous. All budget numbers are self-reported.
- If you’re open to anonymously sharing your budget as part of this series, please reach out to firstname.lastname@example.org.
- If you or a loved one are struggling to pay for insulin, visit Beyond Type 1's Get Insulin resource page.